IMMUNISATION FOR SHEEP

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by anbadmin | May 12, 2015 | Blog |

Initial vaccination must be done according to management and breeding programs on a specific farm. The following schedule can be changed to fit specific farm needs.

Time of administrationEssential vaccinesDose and route
9 weeks before breeding seasonBluetongue (ewes)1 mℓ subcutaneously (ABC vaccines 3 weeks apart)
Just after the breeding seasonBluetongue (rams)1 mℓ subcutaneously (ABC vaccines 3 weeks apart)
At 6 monthsBluetongue1 mℓ subcutaneously (ABC vaccines 3 weeks apart)
4 – 6 weeks before breeding seasonRift Valley fever (live vaccine) OR Clone 131 mℓ subcutaneously
4 – 6 weeks before breeding seasonChlamysure (Chlamydia)1 mℓ subcutaneously
2 – 4 weeks before the lambing seasonBlue udder (2nd inject)2 mℓ subcutaneously
2 – 4 weeks before the lambing seasonTetanus (2nd inject)1 mℓ subcutaneously
2 – 4 weeks before the lambing seasonLamb dysentery (2nd inject)2 mℓ subcutaneously
2 – 4 weeks before the lambing seasonEscherichia coli2 mℓ subcutaneously
From 2 weeks of ageHeartwater blood (0 – 21 days of age)3 mℓ intraveneously
Before weaning (4 – 5 months of age)Brucella Rev. 1 (rams)2 mℓ subcutaneously
Before weaning (4 – 5 months of age)Enterotoxaemia (1st inject)1 mℓ subcutaneously
At 6 monthsEnterotoxaemia (2nd Inject)1 mℓ subcutaneously
At 6 monthsRift Valley fever (live vaccine) OR Clone 131 mℓ subcutaneously

Yearly or six monthly booster injections can be given in an annual breeding program. The following table is a practical example and could be changed to fit local circumstances.

Time of administrationEssential vaccinesDose and route
Late winter – Early Spring (Aug – Sept)Bluetongue1 mℓ subcutaneously (3 vaccines 3 weeks apart)
Late winter – Early Spring (Aug – Sept)Enterotoxaemia (pulpy kidney)1 mℓ subcutaneously
Autumn (April – May) 4 – 6 weeks before stress and risk periodsAnthrax1 mℓ subcutaneously
4 – 6 weeks before the breeding seasonChlamysure (Chlamydia)1 mℓ subcutaneously
± 4 weeks before shearingAnthrax1 mℓ subcutaneously

Source: Onderstepoort Biological Products